In today’s society, it is a common assumption that higher-level mathematics is so complex and jargon-heavy that the average person cannot comprehend the problem. However, the Collatz Conjecture, one of the most well-known unsolved problems in mathematics today, easily disproves this assumption. The only requirement of the conjecture is a basic understanding of arithmetic. First proposed by German mathematician Lother Collatz in 1937, the conjecture offers the following procedure:
Take any natural number n.
If n is an even number, divide it by 2 to obtain n/2.
If n is an odd number, multiply it by 3 and add 1 to it to obtain 3n+1.
Repeat this process with the numbers obtained from this procedure.
The conjecture states that all natural numbers,...